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As a result, the number and types of ethnic/tribal groups in existence at that time may have been much more varied and numerous than just the two mentioned in this article.European and African diseases, malnutrition, and slavery eventually killed most of the Caribbean's native population. believe that the psychological stress of slavery may also have played a part in the massive number of deaths amongst enslaved natives.
Slavery, established to run sugar plantations around 1684, was abolished in 1834.The British ruled from 1632 to 1981, with a brief French interlude in 1666.The islands became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981, with Elizabeth II as the first Queen of Antigua and Barbuda.The permanent population numbers about 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. Lying near each other (the main Barbuda airport is less than 0.5° of latitude, or 30 nautical miles, north of the main Antigua airport), Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17°N of the equator.The country's name was given by Christopher Columbus in 1493 after discovering the island, in honor of the Virgin of La Antigua in the Seville Cathedral.